Conditions of sales

Click here to view the specific sales conditions for VENTES Osarus ONLINE Sales



These Conditions of Sale have been translated and are deemed accurate. Nevertheless the sale is ruled by the French version of the Conditions of Sale and if a difference is to be found between the French and the English translation, the French version will prevail.


It is assumed that all buyers and vendors have read, understood and accepted these conditions of sale.

These conditions shall apply to all transactions performed by VENTES OSARUS. These conditions are in compliance with the law of the 10th July 2000 as well as articles 2001-650, 651, 652 of the decree of the 19th July 2001 pertaining to the voluntary sale of furniture by public auction, modified by law 2011-580 of the 20th of July 2011.

VENTES OSARUS, voluntary public auction sales company, was approved by the voluntary public auction sales board (Conseil des Ventes Volontaires aux enchères publiques) on the 4th June 2008 under the n° 2008-660.

This is a public auction, therefore entry to the sales grounds is free and open to all, however because the showing of horses involves risk, all those who visit the sales grounds do so at their own risk and are obliged to respect the recommendations concerning behaviour, made by the management of the sales establishment.


Article 1. Sales by public auction.

In compliance with French law, public auction sales are conducted by licensed auctioneers appointed by VENTES OSARUS.
VENTES OSARUS will act on behalf of vendors, who agree to give responsibility for invoicing and collecting money to VENTES OSARUS.
These conditions of sale shall apply in every instance unless otherwise indicated by public announcement before the sale.
Under the terms of the law of 10th July 2000 any private sale of a horse which has been presented for sale at auction by VENTES OSARUS, bought back by the vendor and subject to a subsequent offer, will be considered as a sale by public auction in all instances where these conditions apply.
The liability of VENTES OSARUS towards buyers and vendors is limited to the cases defined in the present conditions of sale and accepted contractually by buyers and vendors. In a general sense if a buyer or a third party fails to follow these conditions of sale VENTES OSARUS will accept no liability. 


Article 2. Bidding.

Minimum bid:
La Teste yearlings and two-year-old Breeze-up sale horses: €2,000

Horses-in-training and 100% National Hunt sale: €1,000
Purebred Arabian Horses-in-training : €2,000 
Craon Horses-in-training sale : €1,000

Payment in full for any purchase is immediately due.

In compliance with the law, bids shall be accepted and displayed in Euros and all conversion into a foreign currency is provided for information only.
VENTES OSARUS reserves the right to refuse the bids of anyone who does not offer proof of established solvency and will refuse the bids of those who have not paid for previous purchases at VENTES OSARUS or at any other sales companies.
VENTES OSARUS reserves the right to require from any bidder (whether a natural or a legal person) or its representative (whether a natural or a legal person) any payment guarantee (including, without limitation, personal and several surety, first demand guarantee…). Where VENTES OSARUS requires the bidder or his/her representative to provide a payment guarantee then such bidder or his/her representative hereby agrees not to bid at the Sales until such payment guarantee has been accepted in writing by VENTES OSARUS. VENTES OSARUS also reserves the right to request a payment of the purchase price by way of a bank cheque, partially or in totality.
All buyers commit to provide VENTES OSARUS with an identity card as well as a signed cheque immediately after the purchase of the first lot, and for each lot for which he/she is declared purchaser, to fill in the form purchase.
If it is established that two or more people have made a bid of the same amount at the same time on a horse, either vocally or by sign, and at the moment the hammer drops they simultaneously claim the horse, then the horse shall immediately be reoffered for sale by auction starting at the price of the last bid and open to all those present. The horse will be sold to the highest bidder. 

Live internet bidding:
Only people authorised by VENTES OSARUS can bid live online.
To bid online, you must send an email to VENTES OSARUS at least 24 hours before the start of the sale. Once the accounts department has approved your registration, you must login to the bidding platform on the day of the sale using your email address and the code received from VENTES OSARUS. The lot number, identity of the horse, current bid and number of bids are shown on the screen.
To submit a bid, you should either confirm the bid shown automatically or type in the amount you wish to bid and click on confirm. A message on the screen will appear showing that you are the current highest bidder. When there are no more bids, the auctioneer finishes the sale of the lot and goes on to the next lot. The highest bidder is deemed the purchaser of the lot and should organise the removal of the lot (see article 20) when a pass out (“Bon de Sortie”) has been obtained from the accounts office. VENTES OSARUS shall not be liable in case of accident or death of the horse after the fall of hammer.
The sale being a live sale, if two bids arrive at the same time (one by internet and one on site), priority will be given to the bid on site. VENTES OSARUS shall not be liable in the event of malfunction of the bidding platform (connection problems, accessibility of the platform, etc.) or faults (mistake, interruption or omission in the reception of bids).

Article 3. Horses offered for sale.

FR or “assimilé” horses are qualified for breeders and owners’ premiums (see section 86 of the French rules of racing: “Code des courses”).
All horses shall be at the Vendor’s risk from the time of arrival for the period the Lot shall be at the sales grounds unless such Lot shall have been sold, in which case such Lot shall be at the Purchaser’s risk in all respects from the Fall of the Hammer, or time of sale, if sold privately.


Article 4. Information to be supplied by the vendor.

The vendor must provide in writing any public announcements to be made at his/her responsibility before the sale.
VENTES OSARUS will pass on these statements accurately to the public but does not accept responsibility for the accuracy of the vendor’s statements particularly with reference to VAT, pedigree, date of birth, place of birth, race record, entries and earnings of horses, returnable vices or last service date, etc. Thus the vendor shall indicate in writing and before the sale, all errors or omissions in respect of the catalogue so that such errors or omissions can be notified to the public through an announcement from the rostrum, prior to the sale, and entered in the minutes. Any vendor who fails to rectify in writing before the start of the sale the information supplied in the catalogue in respect of the horses he is selling shall be deemed to have accepted such information and therefore responsibility for its truthfulness shall be entirely his/her own.
VENTES OSARUS wishes to draw the attention of all buyers to the announcements made from the rostrum during the sale. These announcements can contain information which is not in the catalogue. 


Article 5. Veterinary examination.

VENTES OSARUS shall commission a veterinary surgeon to proceed with verifying the identity of the horses. In case of doubt, the vendor undertakes to carry out at his expense any tests required to establish the true identity of the horse.
Any buyer who wishes to consult a veterinary surgeon, at their own expense, in order to examine a veterinary file before the sale should contact VENTES OSARUS for the veterinary surgeon’s contact details.
Vendors must ensure that all horses presented at the sale have received any vaccinations required under the French rules of racing (code des courses) and that a negative Coggins test dated less than one month before the sale is lodged with VENTES OSARUS at the latest on the horses’ arrival at the sales grounds. In the absence of this document, the horse shall not be offered for sale.
In case of accident caused by a horse or injury to a horse examined by the potential buyer or by his veterinarian, the latter will be solely responsible and will have to bear all the direct or indirect consequences, vendors and buyers commit themselves not to hold VENTES OSARUS responsible, under any circumstances, and to renounce to any legal recourse against the organiser.


Article 6. Drug Testing.

Anabolic Androgenic Steroid (A.A.S), Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Substances (N.S.A.I.S) and Bisphosphonates, exclusively applicable to lots under four years old on January 1st of the current year.

After Fall of hammer, the Purchaser will be entirely responsible for the lot and no appeal will be receivable if the entire purchase price of the lot has not been paid.
The procedure and conditions hereunder described shall apply exclusively to the lots designated below.
A lot refers to a horse under 4 years old on January 1st of the current year. The Purchaser will not be able to request the cancellation of the sale if the administration of one or more of the substances mentioned above has been the subject of a veterinary certificate and an announcement from the rostrum.

1 - A lot shall be returned to its Vendor in the event that a blood test organised by VENTES OSARUS and taken on the day of the sale, in the location designated by VENTES OSARUS, would confirm the presence of A.A.S, N.S.A.I.S and/or Bisphosphonates. In this case, all expenses incurred by the Purchaser shall be payable by the Vendor.

2 - All tests must be carried out under the following conditions:

a) The Purchaser must instruct VENTES OSARUS to have a sample taken from the said lot and to have the sample tested for the presence of A.A.S, N.S.A.I.S and/or Bisphosphonates.

b) The test order must be given by the Purchaser immediately after the sale of the said lot by signing the document that is presented to the Purchaser by VENTES OSARUS at the same time as the purchase form. No other form of request will be accepted by VENTES OSARUS.

c) As soon as VENTES OSARUS has accepted the test order, the lot must be delivered directly from the sales ring to the designated area in accordance with VENTES OSARUS directions, in order for the sample to be taken by a member of the veterinary team appointed by VENTES OSARUS.

d) The appointed member of the veterinary team will take an “A” and “B” sample of blood from the said lot, which will be sent for analysis to the French horse racing Laboratory of Verrières-Le-Buisson (LCH).

e) Sample B will only be analysed in the event of a confirmatory analysis requested by the Vendor, in a laboratory of his choice, in accordance with the French racing code.

3 - The results of the blood test and the resulting decision shall be communicated only to the Purchaser and the Vendor.

4 - In the event of the detection of one or more substances belonging to the categories mentioned above, the decision shall be notified to both the Vendor and Purchaser, and VENTES OSARUS shall not be responsible for any loss or expense incurred by any party arising out of its decision.

5 - In the event where a Purchaser exports a lot out of the E.U. before VENTES OSARUS has been informed of the result of the blood sample taken on the said lot, the Purchaser shall be obliged to take custody of the horse and pay the entire purchase price of the lot, including when A.A.S, N.S.A.I.S and/or Bisphosphonates have been found in the sample.

6 - In all other cases, should a Purchaser wish to return a lot to the Vendor, he/she must first notify VENTES OSARUS in writing either by post or email, within seven days of having been notified by VENTES OSARUS of the positive result of the blood sample. The written notification must be sent to VENTES OSARUS at its headquarters, and shall only be processed by VENTES OSARUS if the company has expressly acknowledged receipt of the notification.

7 - In the absence of such notification, the Purchaser shall be obliged to retain the lot and become liable for the entire purchase price.

8 - Once VENTES OSARUS has acknowledged receipt of the Purchaser’s refusal of sale notification, VENTES OSARUS will in turn notify the Vendor who will then be entitled to request a confirmatory analysis within seven days from the date of receipt of the notification by VENTES OSARUS. During the period of the confirmatory analysis, the lot remains at the Purchaser’s risk.
9 - The Purchaser shall be entirely responsible for the lot after the sale and no claim on his/her part shall be accepted if the full purchase price has not been paid immediately.

10 - From the receipt by VENTES OSARUS of the notification of the Purchaser in accordance with sub-condition 6, and in the absence of a request for a confirmatory analysis by the Vendor, the sale will be cancelled. The Vendor will personally make sure that the lot is recovered from the Purchaser. Under no circumstances may the return of the lot in the premises of VENTES OSARUS be accepted. If the result of the analysis of the sample B shows the presence of one or more of the substances detected in the sample A, the sale will also be automatically resolved.

11 - Where the Purchaser elects to return the lot to the Vendor under these conditions, the Vendor must : a) pay to VENTES OSARUS, on invoice, any cost or expense born by VENTES OSARUS as a result of the blood test and analysis, together with the relevant commissions which would have been payable by Vendors and Purchasers if the sale had not been cancelled. b) indemnify VENTES OSARUS against any cost or expense that may be caused by its decision and would be supported by VENTES OSARUS (legal fees, etc.)

12 - Subject to the rules of sub-section 11 above, the Purchaser shall pay to VENTES OSARUS, on invoice, all costs relating to the blood test and analysis.

All notifications relating to conditions 1 - 12 above must be made in writing and sent by registered post, fax or email to the Vendor or the Purchaser at the address mentioned on the entry form, or on the Purchaser form. Such notifications shall be considered to have been issued on the day of its reception by the addressee.



The procedure and conditions described below only apply to the lot and do not affect in any way the conditions regarding immediate payment of all purchases. A lot designates a foal, a yearling, a two-year-old, a horse, mare or filly in or out of training.

1 - Unless described without qualification as positive for Piroplasmosis and the announcement has been made from the rostrum, a lot shall be returnable to the vendor in accordance with this condition in the case where: on the purchaser’s request, a blood sample is taken from the lot (on the sales grounds and at the latest the day after the sale) by the veterinarian appointed by VENTES OSARUS, and that the blood tested by a registered laboratory using the Elisa + IFAT protocols and the PCR protocol, reveals the presence of Theileria Equi or Babesia Caballi according to the conditions and levels specified by the OIE.

2 - The sample for the research of Piroplasmosis will be taken in accordance with this article following this procedure:

• the Purchaser shall irrevocably instruct VENTES OSARUS in writing to take a sample from the said lot to have the sample tested for the presence of Piroplasmosis (all fees for taking and testing the sample will be payable by the purchaser),

• VENTES OSARUS shall appoint a veterinarian to take the sample, before the horse leaves the sales grounds and at the latest the day after the sale.

VENTES OSARUS will not accept instructions given in any other way.

3 - The results of the analysis of the blood sample for the said lot will be communicated to the Vendor and purchaser.

4 - In the situation where a purchaser would have exported a lot out of the E.U. before VENTES OSARUS had been informed of the results of the blood sample, the purchaser shall be obliged to take custody of the horse and to pay the full purchase price for the lot even if the results reveal that the lot is positive to Equine Piroplasmosis.

5. In all other cases, when the purchaser decides to return the lot to the vendor, such decision must be notified to VENTES OSARUS in writing either by post or email, within seven days from the date on which VENTES OSARUS informed the purchaser and vendor of the result of the blood test.

6. VENTES OSARUS shall not be held liable for any loss or expenses caused to any party as a result of this decision.


Article 7 - Absence.

If a horse entered in the sale is absent on the day of sale the vendor shall pay VENTES OSARUS a withdrawal fee of €750 in addition to the entry fee barring exceptional circumstances. In the case of death, accident or serious illness a veterinary certificate must be presented at the latest on the day of the sale.

VENTES OSARUS may ask the competent Court to name an expert to report on the condition of the animal.

The fee shall be due if the horse is presented to be sold at another sale. If the horse is sold privately before the sale or within one month following the sale, the amount of €750 will be due in addition to the other expenses outlined in article 23.


Article 8. Required documents.

The horses entered by the vendor shall be accompanied by due documents: passport, owners’ card or any other identification documents, a negative Coggins test less than a month old as well as a covering certificate for mares in foal, irrespective of the nature of the siring contract.

The documents shall be submitted before the sale by the vendor to VENTES OSARUS.

Liability may be claimed against the vendor in the event such documents have not been submitted in due time, without prejudice to VENTES OSARUS’ right to refuse the presentation of the horse at the sale.

However, should the sale of the animal proceed, under no circumstances can VENTES OSARUS be held responsible for the absence of the said documents.


Article 9. Vendor’s guarantees.

Horses sold at public auction are subject to ordinary legal warranties. No claims, even in case of latent defect, shall be accepted if the buyer has not paid the full price of his/her purchase.

a) Guarantee concerning latent defects.

The vendor shall guarantee the buyer against the vices specified in L213-1 and following and R213-1 and following of the French rural code (Code Rural) which have not been declared before the sale.

Stable vices, that is to say weaving, crib biting, wind sucking or habitual box-walking, should be announced from the rostrum before the sale, if they are not declared the buyer has the right to request the cancellation of the sale.

Any action taken by the buyer in respect of the said latent defects shall be taken in compliance with the provisions of section 213-1 and seq. And R213-1 and seq. of the French Rural Code, i.e. within 10 days from the sale (as witnessed by the post mark) not counting the day of the sale, except for periodical inflammation and infectious anaemia for which such period shall be 30 days not including the day of the sale. All deadlines shall expire on the last day at 12.00 pm. Should a deadline expire on a weekend or a Bank Holiday, it shall be extended to the following working day. Within the stated period of time, failing which his application would be turned down, the vendor shall submit to the Judge of the Court relevant to the horse’s location a request seeking the appointment of experts commissioned to draw up a report on the examination of the animal.

Within the same period of time, the buyer shall inform the vendor (via registered mail) and VENTES OSARUS of the submission of his application to the Judge, enclosing a veterinary certificate detailing the vice concerned.

Any purchaser who, by himself or through the intermediary of his veterinary surgeon mandated for this purpose, will have had or might have had access to the information available to the sales office will be presumed to have known their contents and will not be able to take advantage of this on account of latent defects to obtain the annulment of the sale.

If the buyer did not have access to this information and if within the month that follows the sale, the buyer feels that the horse is affected by a latent defect, he may, with the vendor’s consent, request expert opinion on an amicable basis so as to assess grounds for such application. This examination shall be performed by an expert veterinary surgeon agreed upon by both parties. The length of the examination cannot be invoked by the vendor as a reason to challenge the admissibility of further legal action. Barring technicality, both parties may undertake to accept the findings of the said expert.

In all circumstances, the action seeking the annulment of the sale lodged by the buyer shall be taken directly against the vendor whose name shall be imparted by VENTES OSARUS at his request. Under no circumstances can such action be directed against VENTES OSARUS.


b) Sale of a stallion or a broodmare.

Any vendor of broodmares shall specify in the catalogue: — the mare’s production, year by year since her arrival at the stud farm and, regarding the dead progeny the mentions; - still born, dead at birth or accidental death; the date she was last covered; the assumed pregnancy stage, abortions, twin births.

The vendor shall be responsible for the accuracy of this information. Any action taken by the buyer in respect of an error or omission shall be against the vendor only. In the event an important piece of information entered in the catalogue or announced from the rostrum at the request of the vendor proves incomplete or inaccurate, the sale may be cancelled at the request of the buyer within one month from the sale.

The vendor may have the stage of pregnancy announced from the rostrum and produce in evidence a certificate issued by a veterinary surgeon within the 10 days preceding the sale. The buyer shall retain the right to have the broodmare examined by a veterinary surgeon agreed upon by the vendor within 24 hours from the sale before the mare has left the premises of the sales establishment. If the findings of the veterinary surgeon contradict the statements made by the vendor, the sale shall be nullified by right.

Any broodmare sold “empty”, after indication that she has been covered, which turns out to be “full”, shall be returned to the vendor. The latter shall, of course, refund the buyer the price of the purchase plus an interest of 12% interest per annum, the selling costs, the cost of the upkeep at current rate, within 15 days from the registered mail sent by the buyer informing him that the mare has been confirmed full. However, the buyer shall retain the possibility, if he so wishes, to keep the broodmare by offering the vendor a simple refund of the price of the covering with no extra costs. In the event the buyer has allowed the broodmare to give birth he shall be deemed to have agreed to pay the price of the siring whether the offspring is born viable or not.

The potential buyer of a mare having just out of training shall have a right prior to the sale, to seek the vendor’s permission to have the mare examined by a veterinary surgeon agreed upon by the vendor so as to ensure that the mare is fit for reproduction in particular as regards her genitals.

Any vendor of a stallion or of a horse which may become a sire shall undertake, in respect of the buyer and, in particular the French National Stallion Farms Services, to accept at the buyer’s request, the annulment of the sale of the animal in the event the horse has not complied with the customary fecundity tests by the 30th day from the sale and in respect of the French Farms Services, with the statutory tests.


c) Showing of horses.

The vendor shall ensure that each horse presented bears the number assigned to it in the catalogue. In the event of an error or confusion, the vendor shall bear sole responsibility and such responsibility shall not befall on VENTES OSARUS.


d) Entry and statutory vaccinations of horses.

See article 5. – Veterinary examination.


e) Horses sold under juridical decision.

Horses sold under juridical decision are sold as they stand, without any guarantee, under cover of the article 1649 of the civil code.


Article 10. Miscellaneous obligations for vendors.

Horses offered for sale shall arrive on the sales grounds at the latest the day prior to the sale, with the compulsory halter and a lunge so as to allow the buyers to examine them. The halter shall become the buyer’s property.

Furthermore at the risk of being barred from the sale they shall be fitted with a bit. In the event that the overall health of a horse is obviously not satisfactory, VENTES OSARUS has the right to refuse to present the horse at the Sale with no charge attached for VENTES OSARUS. No penalty will be charged to the vendor either.

Vendors shall ensure that a stable hand chosen by them and in their pay is present and remains under their responsibility for up to three horses presented. This stable hand will be guardian of the said horses from their arrival on the sales grounds, at the latest on the eve of the sale, until the buyer takes possession of them or until the departure of the horses which are unsold. An extra hand shall be supplied by them for each extra three horses.

The vendor shall be present or represented at the time of the sale of his horses so as to make any decisions required and, in particular, in the event of an irresponsible bid.


Article 11. Liability in respect of damages caused by the animal or to the animal.

In case of accident caused by a horse or injury to a horse examined by the potential purchaser or by his veterinarian, see article 5. – Veterinary examination.

Until the sale has been pronounced, the horses or the lots to be sold shall remain under the guardianship and responsibility of the vendor, VENTES OSARUS may not be held liable for the accidents or diseases or damage sustained by the animals or caused by them to third parties either inside or outside the establishment. It is specified that the owner vendor, or his agents, will insure the guardianship of the horses, during the time that they are present on the sales grounds (unloading, accompaniment to the stables, presence in the stable night and day, for feeding and watering, walking, presentation to buyers, loading if the horse is unsold, etc.). VENTES OSARUS will supply a stable for each horse as well as hay and water.

Fire risks, loss and damage shall also be fully charged to the vendor.

Loading and unloading operations as well as transport to and from the location of the sale and all other similar operations shall be performed on the account of the vendor and at his own cost and risk.

Immediately after the sale, the buyer shall substitute for the vendor as regards these responsibilities.

In the event VENTES OSARUS agrees to its employees performing on behalf of the owner (vendor or buyer) loading, unloading or shipping operations such acceptance shall not constitute any change to the conditions stated above. Moreover, the buyers and vendors shall always remain free to take charge of loading or unloading operations themselves.


Article 12. Unreserved sale.

As the sale is voluntary the vendor or his agent can still buy back the horse he has presented if he deems that the bids are not high enough on condition that he declares so himself/herself or through his/her agent holding due power of attorney in writing. Such declaration shall be made to the auctioneer as soon as the horse is bought back. The vendor shall then bear the costs of the buy back as indicated on the entry form.


Article 13. Dissolution of Partnerships.

When a sale is required in order to dissolve a partnership between co-owners no reserve can be accepted on the total value of the horse offered for sale, therefore a co-owner can never buy back or withdraw the share he owns in the horse. On the other hand any one of the co-owners may place a bid on the whole horse and have it knocked down to him/her. In such a case, the purchasing costs will apply exclusively to the part which did not belong to him/her and the buy back fees will apply to the part which belonged to him/her.


Article 14. Payment Procedures

Payment is due immediately for all sales at public auction. Only the Vendor shall be entitled to authorise the successful bidder, via a written agreement, payment terms.

VENTES OSARUS must be notified of the existence of this written agreement.

In the event that the vendor has agreed to postpone payment, the horse shall be delivered as soon as full payment of the purchase price has been received. In this case, the purchaser authorises VENTES OSARUS to place the horse either with the vendor or at a stud farm at the purchaser’s own risk and charge.

The delivery of the horse before total payment of the purchase price will only be possible with written agreement from the vendor.

Only the vendor can authorise the purchaser, in writing, to settle the purchase price following receipt of the invoice and can authorise the horse to leave the sales before the payment is made to VENTES OSARUS.


Article 15. Vendor’s Payment.

The vendor will receive payment of the amount due to him upon receipt by VENTES OSARUS of the funds owed by the buyer, except :

- if the vendor is debtor of any amount toward VENTES OSARUS,

- in the event of “Folle enchère” (irresponsible bid),

- in the event where the purchaser does not pay the purchase price, VENTES OSARUS proposes to the vendor, within 12 days following the sale, to request the resale of the lot for “folle enchère” (irresponsible bid), but that the vendor refuses the resale for irresponsible bid and refuses the cancellation of the sale (article 16 § 2).

- if a conflict exists between the vendor and purchaser or any other third party (notably, nullity request or cancellation of sale, seizure, opposition to payment, etc.).

- if the drug tests stipulated in Article 6 of the present conditions of sale, or any other test requested by the purchaser and accepted by the vendor, show to be positive.

Under all circumstances, no payment shall be made to the vendor until the results of drug tests stipulated in Article 6 or requested by the purchaser and accepted by the vendor following the sale.

Furthermore, no payment shall be made to the vendor until the expiry of the 30 day period after the day of sale, during which a lot can be returned in accordance with the terms of article 9 of the present conditions of sale.
VENTES OSARUS reserves the right to offset receivables and debts in respect of the same customer at the time of the sale.

The vendor shall have sole responsibility for the statutory declarations to the relevant tax authorities for VAT if applicable.


Article 16. « Folle Enchère » (Irresponsible bid)

Irresponsible bid on the day of the sale:

VENTES OSARUS reserve expressly the right to proceed to the resale on “folle enchère”, the same day, and following the last lot of the day, any animal whose buyer fails to make settlement for his purchase or to sign the purchase form. The vendor may not claim the difference in price from VENTES OSARUS.

In the event that VENTES OSARUS considers that the buyer does not offer sufficient guarantees for the payment of his purchase, VENTES OSARUS will be entitled, should immediate payment not be made, to re-sell the Lot during the same Sales session under the procedure known as ‘folle enchère’, during the same sales session (or the following day), without process of law at the sole risk of the defaulting Purchaser. The defaulting Purchaser will become financially liable towards the vendor for the fees from the first sale as well as the resale. He will be liable to pay the difference between the purchase price from the first sale and the resale price, and will not be able to claim the potential excess. Such an excess shall go to the Vendor.

In the same conditions, if immediately after the fall of the hammer, the Purchaser is not found to sign the purchase form, the horse will be re-sold during the same sales session. In this case, VENTES OSARUS will accept no liability towards the vendor or the defaulting Bidder.

VENTES OSARUS has the sole responsibility for determining when it is necessary to re offer an unpaid horse on “folle enchère”.

Irresponsible bid after the sale:

In the event that the Purchaser is in default by failing to pay monies due or if he does not present sufficient guarantees for the payment of his purchase, VENTES OSARUS will inform the Vendor.

The defaulting purchaser will receive a formal payment request letter from VENTES OSARUS demanding payment of the purchase price.

Should this payment request remain unsuccessful, the horse will be offered for resale on “folle enchère” during the next VENTES OSARUS sale or in another specialized sales company.

The defaulting purchaser will be obliged to pay the difference between the initial purchase price (plus related fees) and the resale price, without prejudice to any compensation.

If the Vendor does not wish to proceed with the resale of the horse following an irresponsible bid, he will officially inform VENTES OSARUS. Upon the Vendor’s request, the sale shall be cancelled in compliance with the Article L321-14 of the French trading laws (Code du Commerce). The horse will be returned to the vendor by the defaulting purchaser, without prejudice to any compensation that the defaulting purchaser may become liable for.


Article 17. Payment by the buyer. - Collection of documents.

A. In case of non-payment, VENTES OSARUS will inform the successful bidder:

- 1. That he has eight clear days to settle his debt ;

- 2. That after this time interest of 0,5% per month as of the first day of the Sale, shall be due retrospectively on the total invoice. After 4 months, interest will be charged at 0,75% per month.

- 3. VENTES OSARUS shall be entitled to sue for the full amount of the Purchase Price and interest thereon.

- 4. All fees and charges involved in the collection by VENTES OSARUS have to be paid by the debtor, they will never be inferior to 10% of the amount to be collected.

B. In case of hidden defects, or cancellation of the sale, all fonds shall be held by VENTES OSARUS.

C. Any person who bids shall be considered to be bidding for themselves unless he can provide a written power of attorney from the person for which he has bid.

Any person who bids shall be considered to be bidding for themselves and the successful bidder, whose name will be announced in the records, is personally responsible for his purchase. If the successful bidder declares to be acting on behalf of a third party he must produce a written power of attorney explicitly stating that the successful bidder is together with the third party jointly responsible for the full amount of the purchase.

The successful bidder whose name shall be mentioned in the minutes, shall be personally responsible for his purchase in the event of his principal’s defaulting.

In the event the successful bidder does not hold explicit power to act, he will be joint-debtor with the one who turns out to be, in one way or another, the principal of the successful bidder.

No levy, under any circumstances, may be effected on the invoices issued by VENTES OSARUS. The buyers or their agents shall therefore, pay these invoices in full.

D. All payments shall be made through the agency of VENTES OSARUS and will be demanded in its entirety for the net amount stated on the invoice. Payment for subjects exported abroad shall be made through the Office des Changes (foreign exchange) by currency transfer made to VENTES OSARUS. Only when total payment of their invoices is made can the successful bidders be given their exit papers delivered by VENTES OSARUS.

Payment shall include the price of the auction and shall be increased by the costs of the said auction. These costs, as well as the price shall be payable immediately before the handing over of the documents, failing which, a sale on the basis of irresponsible bid shall be proceeded with

Payment to the vendor shall be made only when VENTES OSARUS is in possession of all the documents in respect of the horses for sale.


Article 18. Ownership reserve clause.

All sales are subject to an ownership reserve clause to the benefit of the Vendor. In consequence, the Purchaser will not be able to resell, lend, hire out, give, pledge or provide the horse before total payment of the purchase price to VENTES OSARUS.

The purchaser will be obliged to inform all third parties of the existence of a reserve of ownership and to inform VENTES OSARUS of any event that may have an incidence on the ownership or the possession of the horse (collective procedure, liquidation, seizure, etc.).

As a consequence of the ownership reserve clause, the Vendor will remain owner of the horse until payment in total has been received by VENTES OSARUS. If the Purchaser has not paid the purchase price, the Vendor can recover possession of the horse wherever he may be, and may dispose of it, the sale being cancelled. The horse can be offered for sale at public auction and the defaulting purchaser will be liable for the difference between the initial purchase price (plus purchaser’s fees) and the resale price achieved under the hammer, without prejudice to any compensation.

Notwithstanding the ownership reserve clause, all risks (death, accident, illness, disease, etc.) and all fees (boarding, any other fees, etc.) pertaining to the horse are transferred to the Purchaser at the fall of the hammer.

The successful bidder or its representative shall not let the purchased horse leave metropolitan France before full payment of the purchase price to VENTES OSARUS.


Article 19. Legal Address.

VENTES OSARUS has the right to ask a foreign buyer to designate an address in France, care of either his trainer or agent or another representative, in the interests of both parties and to facilitate the exchange of information and documents.


Article 20. Release notes.

No horse either sold or unsold shall leave the establishment without a release note. The note shall be collected from sales office.

Prior to collecting their horse, all purchasers shall report to the VENTES OSARUS office to pay the amount of their purchase or to give all invoicing details, so that they can be issued with the release note required for the collection.

Unless an explicit opposition on the part of the vendor is lodged with VENTES OSARUS within half an hour following the sale the latter shall release the lot sold at the request of the buyer or his agent this however shall not entail any responsibility on the part of VENTES OSARUS.

The horses shall have left the sales establishment at 12:00 pm at the latest, the day following their presentation. Should a horse not have been removed before then, either boarding fees of €30 (excl. tax) per day will be invoiced to the purchaser or the horse will be transported, at the purchaser’s expense, or the vendor’s expense if the horse is unsold, to a stud. The horse will not be allowed to leave this stud before full settlement of the purchase invoice and the price of the transport and guardianship of the horse.


Article 21. Vendor’s charges.

These costs are outlined on the entry form for each sale.

Buy backs must be notified on the day of sale, failing which vendors will be charged the usual purchase fees.

The vendor will be liable for any additional tax or due imposed by the Government or local district over or above what is currently applicable.

Any invoices sent to the vendor are due for immediate payment. If immediate payment is not forth coming VENTES OSARUS will send a reminder within 8 days, after which period interest at 0,75% a month will be charged to the vendor’s account from the date of the invoice.


Article 22. Purchaser’s charges.

For sale at auction or subsequent private sale in addition to the hammer price the following fees are payable by the purchaser.

All horses are sold with VAT, unless otherwise announced on the day of the sale, before the sale of a lot, the hammer price never includes VAT.

Each horse can be totally or partially exempt from VAT.

For horses that are exempt from VAT., it is specified that the name and contact details of the purchaser must be conveyed to the vendor.

Following the sale, the purchaser may inform VENTES OSARUS if he wishes his purchase to be subject to VAT, even if the vendor is not VAT registered.

1) Purchase costs:

Hammer price inferior or equal to 15,000 before VAT : 7% (per lot)

Hammer price over 15,000 before VAT : 6% (per lot)

2) VAT: Calculation basis = hammer price + purchase costs.

VAT at a rate of 10% for mares having been covered, fillies out of training to be covered during the season, stallions and stallion shares.

VAT at a rate of invoicing VAT for all of horses of racing age, yearlings and foals.

a) The calculation of VAT distinguishes 5 cases:

• The buyer pays VAT in France: invoicing VAT (VAT can be reclaimed by the buyer).

• The buyer pays VAT in an EU member country other than France and supplies his EU identification number and the horse is delivered in an EU country: exemption from VAT (production of documentary evidence of delivery is compulsory).

• The buyer pays VAT in an EU member country other than France and supplies his EU identification number and the horse stays in France: reversal of liability for the payment of VAT (Art. 283.1 of the CGI).

• If the buyer is not registered for VAT in France or in another country: charged at invoicing VAT (VAT which aren’t retrievable by the Purchaser).

• If the horse is exported from the EU: exemption of VAT on presentation of customs

document confirming export, (the original DAU No 3), and giving VENTES OSARUS as the exporter.

b) Horses sold under the provisions of temporary importation regulations give rise to four possible outcomes:

• If the buyer is registered for VAT in an EU country other than France and provides their VAT number and the horse is exported from France to another EU country ; exemption from VAT on presentation of a document confirming arrival in EEC country.

• The buyer is registered for VAT in an EU country other than France and provides their VAT number and the horse remains in France; VAT charged at invoicing VAT.

• The buyer is not an EU resident and wishes to keep the horse in temporary importation; no VAT is charged but the buyer meets the costs of the transfer of the temporary importation.

• The horse is exported immediately; exemption from VAT on the condition that the document of temporary import is cleared by the buyer with the Customs Administration.

VENTES OSARUS disclaims all responsibility as regards the judicial or tax consequences resulting from a false declaration made by the buyer.


Article 23. Private sale of horses entered but not presented.

The Vendor undertakes not to propose or sell any horse whose entry has been accepted by VENTES OSARUS.

For any horse that is not presented on the day of the sale but that is sold privately during the two months before the sale for which it has been entered or the month following, even if the private sale is not completed at the sales ground the vendor is liable to pay €750, as well as 10% of the average price of the sale for which the horse was entered.


Article 24. Commission to Intermediaries.

Intermediaries (trainers or bloodstock agents) acting for themselves or on the account of an owner(s) in the purchase of a horse will receive, according to practice, commission, on horses purchased for at least €1,500 :

This commission will be awarded to the intermediary after payment for the horse(s) has been received, on condition that VENTES OSARUS has received one invoice per horse purchased, of 5% of the hammer price (+ VAT if applicable) within 30 days following the sale.

If these conditions are not met or the time limit has passed, no commission will be paid by VENTES OSARUS.

In the case of a dispute arising between Purchaser(s) and Vendor(s), the right of the trainer’s or bloodstock agent’s commission will be cancelled. VENTES OSARUS reserves the right to deduct any amounts owed by the intermediary to VENTES OSARUS from any potential commission.


Article 25. Entries.

Vendors and buyers shall comply with Racing Societies regulations as regards everything concerning the entries and withdrawals of the horses put up for sale.


Article 26. Refusal to present.

VENTES OSARUS reserves the right to refuse to present a horse on the day of the sale and, in particular, wherever the model is insufficient.


Article 27. Cancellation of sale.

In case of cancellation of the sale for any reason, the Vendor shall be held liable to reimburse the Buyer for the full purchase price and purchase fees as well as all expenses incurred by the Buyer on account of the horse while in France until time of cancellation of the sale. In the event of export of the horse, the costs incurred in transport of the horse outside France, maintaining the horse, and return transport to France shall be borne by the Buyer.

In any case, no action shall be brought against VENTES OSARUS who cannot be held responsible.

It is expressly understood that the Buyer has no right to make any claim except one based on redhibitory defects if any horse sold starts in a race.

No claim for cancellation of the sale may be made against the Vendor after the one-month warranty period, and only for the causes herein before set forth.


Article 28. Jurisdiction

All disputes regarding the interpretation or the performance of these conditions shall be referred to the competent courts of VENTES OSARUS headquarters, in Lisieux (14100).